Education in the UK for young people from age 16 to 18
The UK school term is from September – July when there is a Summer break. In Years 10 and 11 (age 14 to 16) students prepare to take GCSE (General Certificate of Secondary Education) exams at the end of two years.
After completing GCSEs in Year 11, all young people in the UK are required to stay in education, employment or training until they are 18.
Refugee Education UK has provided an Education Pack.
Guests living in the UK under Ukraine Family Scheme, or the Local Sponsorship Scheme for Ukraine are eligible to enrol as a student, although colleges (but not state-funded schools) may ask to see evidence of eligibility.
The Education Hub is a site for parents, pupils and education professionals on the education system.
How do families arriving from Ukraine apply for a school place and childcare? / Як родинам, що приїжджають з України, подавати заяви на отримання місць у школі та допомоги з оплати послуг з догляду за дитиною? – The Education Hub (blog.gov.uk)
Young Work Wiltshire – Education, Employment and Training (EET) Service
There is a dedicated team to support young people from the age of 16, after they leave school up to September after their 18th birthday who are not in any form of education, employment or training (NEET). An Education, Employment Adviser will support the young person with information and advice on education, employment and training pathways for young people in Wiltshire. This will include any young people arriving from Ukraine of this age range.
What the team can do?
- Support referrals to other organisations that offer activities to re-engage with education, training or employment
- Help to find and apply for suitable education or training courses
- Help to find and apply for an apprenticeship
- Job searching and application help
What the team can’t do?
- Work with any young people that are already being supported through other services such as those with Education and Health Care Plan (EHCP) or working with Youth Justice
- Intensive support and activities with young people (referrals are made to other services that can provide this)
- If you want support from a qualified careers adviser please contact National Careers Service
Post 16 Education (Further Education)
When a young person finishes their Year 11 and gets their GCSE results they can make choices for their post 16 education or training. This can be:
- A Levels at a ‘sixth form’ in a school
- Other qualifications at a further education (FE) college
- An apprenticeship or work with training included
Careerpilot has useful information on options at 16 – Careerpilot : Get information : Your choices at 16 . Education – Ukrainian Refugee Help is another helpful resource.
The courses offered at sixth form and colleges vary. Information and application forms can be found on the websites of each college, sixth form or by telephoning the institution. Young people should apply to colleges / sixth forms that are close to where they live when possible. Below are the two colleges and one sixth form college within Wiltshire:
Wiltshire college & University Centre
Salisbury 6th Form College
Wiltshire has 21 schools with sixth forms which are listed below, some post 16 courses have flexible start dates. However, many start in September. It may not be possible to join a course mid-way through the academic year. Students from Ukraine should discuss course start dates with the colleges or sixth forms when they apply.
Find information on Further Education courses and funding here.
Find information on Further Education courses and qualifications for 14–19-year-olds here.
An apprenticeship combines hands-on work with the opportunity to train and obtain qualifications. Apprenticeships, which must last for a minimum of 12 months are open to anyone aged 16 and over who is not in full-time education, there is no upper age limit!
Visit our apprenticeship page for more information.
Additional information on Apprenticeships can be found on the UCAS website and the Amazing Apprenticeships websites
People are encouraged to find and apply for apprentices using the Find and Apprenticeship Service
If you need to use public transport to travel for post 16 education you can apply for a travel pass from Wiltshire Council. In Wiltshire, transport can be applied for via the council’s post-16 transport scheme. A charge is applicable for this scheme with a significant discount for students from low-income households.
For more information please go to the website – Applying for transport – Wiltshire Council
You can also contact the passenger transport team on 0300 4560100.
English Speaking for Other Languages (ESOL) Family and Community Learning
Courses are available for 19+ who have English as a second language. Learners will improve their general knowledge of the English Language and work on improving their reading, writing, speaking and listening skills.
These courses have been designed to help learners, whose mother tongue is not English, to settle into the life in the UK. Learners will be taught a variety of topics in accordance with their individual learning journeys. The aim is to teach learners how to communicate effectively in English covering all three elements (speaking and listening, reading and writing). The courses are delivered at a higher and a beginner’s level.
By the end of these courses, learners will be able to (at the appropriate level):
- Show an understanding of simple words and phrases used in everyday conversational and familiar contexts
- Ask simple questions and respond appropriately
- Understand face to face speech/words in spoken British English
- Write simple sentences using learned vocabulary
- Recognise and find important information in life-skill materials related to their need
- Use appropriate body language to clarify and complement their spoken language
To book a place on the courses please email – firstname.lastname@example.org or call 01225 770478
If you are unable to attend the induction please ensure you contact us.
If courses are not currently being run in your local area please contact us on the above to be put on a waiting list, we will let you know when courses are available. There is a maximum of 15 people per course.
Please click here to download, courses are listed in the prospectus.
The Department of Education is extending access to Higher Education (HE) student support, home fee status, tuition fee caps, Advanced learner loans and FE19+ funding for those who are granted leave under one of the three schemes for Ukrainians introduced recently by the Home Office. This ensures those who have been affected by the war in Ukraine can access support on the same basis as those within other protection-based categories (such as refugees).
Student Action for Refugees (STAR) have compiled a list of over 70 universities that offer scholarships, bursaries and fee waivers for people who have claimed asylum in the UK. You will need to contact the university that you are applying to check you are eligible and if your application will be considered.
Refugee Education UK facilitates a number of scholarships.
Refugee Education UK │Scholarships for asylum seekers │Access to Higher Education (reuk.org)
WIN has useful information about Higher Education Students > What is Higher Education (HE)? — Wessex Inspiration Network (WIN) (winncop.ac.uk)
Refugee Education UK have very useful information and flow chart on their website –
Refugee Education UK | Advice for College | Resource 05 | (reuk.org)
Other community support and organisations
You can also contact you local Community Engagement Manager who will be able to advise you on community support available locally. Find your local Strategic Engagement and Partnerships Manager or Councillor – Wiltshire Council
Resources and Equipment to help with Education and Employment
Links to other useful information
Students living in the UK without parental support
Students who are here without parental support could be eligible for Universal Credit to support themselves. See Gov website to find out if you’re eligible you can claim Universal Credit if you’re 21 or under, studying any qualification up to A level or equivalent and do not have parental support. You can see also UK Benefits System for details on how to check what they are entitled to and how to apply.